CBT is a model of therapy that focuses on changing behaviour and thinking. There is a generic model of CBT but there are specific treatments for different mental health problems. CBT initially was popularised as a treatment for depression, however, it is now frequently used with a wide variety of mental health issues tailored for a specific diagnosis.
Early in the 20th-century Behavioural therapy was developed. Later a focus on habits of thinking especially negative-automatic-thoughts and limiting-core-beliefs was found to be very effective. More recently integrative ways of working in therapy allow for the use of CBT techniques where they are considered appropriate as part of an individualised way of working with clients.
Background to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy – Three Phases
Phase 1: Development of Behavioural Therapy
a) Albert Ellis Rational Emotive Therapy
Developed into Rational Emotive Behavioural therapy REB
b) Aaron T. Beck Cognitive Therapy
Developed into Cognitive Behavioural Therapy CBT
NATS Negative Automatic Thoughts http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m2zRA5zCA6M
ABC of CBT http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OvgtwMCaIcU
Beck and NATS http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=forBNxCjii8
c) William Glasser – Choice Theory and Reality Therapy
a) Schema Therapy associated with Jeffrey Young
Schemas are organized pattern of thought and behaviour, a mental structure of preconceived ideas etc. Therapy focuses on maladaptive schemas
b) Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) associated with Stephen Hayes
Accept what is out of our control; Commit to action that improves and enriches your life
c) Mindfulness associated with Jon Kabat Zinn
MBCT (Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy) is a model of therapy widely used in psychiatric setting with patients whose mental health conditions are controlled with drug therapies. MBCT has been found to be effective in reducing relapse because it provides self-help techniques that can be learned and deployed on a regular basis.